|CLEANING YOUR PORCELAIN
With luck you may never have to deal with the staining problems listed below. But accidents do happen. Except where otherwise noted, the cleaning solutions recommended can be used on both glazed and unglazed surfaces, including grout. Unglazed surfaces that are light in color, however, are liable to assume the color of the cleaning solution. If you are in doubt, test the solution on a small patch before undertaking an entire project. After finishing with any cleaning substance, rinse the area with plain water and dry it off with toweling or absorbent cloth. Here are a few examples:
Dampen a cloth with water, dip it in baking soda
and scrub the mixture over the stain.
Wash the area with a solution made of 1
tablespoon trisodium phosphate and 1 quart hot
water. Rinse, then follow with a solution of 3
tablespoons laundry bleach in 1 quart of warm
Using a stiff-bristled brush scrub the affected
area with a strong solution of heavy-duty
household detergent or a solution made of ‡ cup
trisodium phosphate and 1 gallon of very hot
HARD WATER SCUM:
Scour the area thoroughly with a solution made
of equal parts of vinegar and warm water using a
nylon scouring pad.
Mix ‡ cup laundry bleach with 1 quart
water and apply with a sponge. If the
mildew remains, use a commercial
mildew remover that contains sodium
hypochlorite and sodium carbonate.
Wear gloves and keep the room well-
ventilated. Mix a thick paste of
household scouring powder and water.
A solution of non-precipitating water softener, or baking soda, in warm water also may remove soap scum and soil.
You may use chlorine or hydrogen peroxide bleach to remove stains. Do not use these bleaches full strength or let them remain on the surface for more than a few seconds.
Heavy deposits of grease or soap scum can be removed with a solution of 1 tablespoon trisodium phosphate in 1 gallon hot water. Rinse thoroughly. Or warm water and ammonia solution will do this.
Damaged porcelain enamel fixtures and
appliances can be repaired, with do-it-
yourself-kits, or by professionals who
do the best, most lasting repairs. Look
in the Yellow Pages under "Porcelain
Repair". A special type of paint is used,
as porcelain enamel itself must be baked
on under very hot temperatures, so it
will not be as durable as the original
porcelain enamel surface. Never attempt
such repair on utensils used for
preparing or cooking food.
Mix a thick paste of household scouring
powder and water. Apply the paste to
the stain and allow it to stand overnight.
Remove fresh oil-base paint with a cloth
dipped in turpentine or paint thinner.
Wash away the residue with a solution
of º cup trisodium phosphate mixed
with 1 gallon of warm water. Remove
fresh water-base paint with a cloth
dampened with warm water and mild
household detergent; such as
dishwashing liquid. Scrub the area with
a soft-bristled brush.
RUBBER HEEL MARKS:
Dab the marks off with a cloth that you
have dipped in cleaning fluid or mineral
On glazed surfaces, apply a stiff paste of
whiting (calcium carbonate) and
household ammonia; let it stand for one
hour, then wash it off with soapy water.
On porous surfaces, mix household
scouring powder with water to make it
slurry, and mop it over the area. Let the
solution stand for approximately five
minutes, then scrub the surface
vigorously with a stiff-bristled brush.
DECORATED ENAMELWARE - wash in sudsy
water, dry with a soft cloth.
BATHROOM FIXTURES - can
be cleaned in a solution of 1 tablespoon
detergent to 1 gallon hot water or with a
foam bathroom cleaner.
KITCHENWARE - wash in sudsy
water. If necessary use a plastic scouring pad or wooden scraper to remove burnt-on food. Burnt-on food may be loosened by soaking in a solution of 2 teaspoons baking soda and 1 quart of water. Avoid abrasive scouring powder or steel wool. For heavy baked-on grease, or spills, occasional use of a fine steel wool pad or scraping with a razor blade is ok.
Lime deposits in teakettles may be removed by a solution of vinegar and water.
Rust stains can be removed by using commercial rust remover or by using a solution of 1 tablespoon oxalic acid crystals (poison), dissolved in 1⁄2 cup warm water. Apply to stain, allow to stand a few minutes, then rinse well.
Vinegar. To remove no-slip decals
from the bathtub, saturate a cloth or
sponge and squeeze hot vinegar over
decals. Vinegar also removes stick-on
hooks from painted walls. Saturate a
cloth or sponge with vinegar and
squeeze the liquid behind the hook so
that the vinegar comes in contact with
the adhesive. In addition, vinegar can be
used to remove price tags and other
decals from glass, wood, and china.
Paint the label or decal with several
coats of white vinegar. Give the vinegar
time to soak in and after several minutes
the decal can be rubbed.